Thursday, August 5, 2010

Rutherford B. Hayes
Born October 4, 1822
Birth Place Delaware, Ohio
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Lucy Hayes
Religion Methodist
Died January 17, 1893
Death Place Fremont, Ohio

Rutherford Birchard Hayes was served as the 19th President of the United States. He served in the American Civil War, upward to the rank of major-general in 1864. Hayes controlled federal troops to suppress The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and ended Reconstruction by removing troops from the South. By removing federal troops, Hayes gave White Southerners the power to methodically disenfranchise African Americans, creating the Jim Crow South. On administrative dealings he began gradual civil service reforms and advocated the repeal of the Tenure of Office Act. In 1880 he kept his pledge not to run for a second term and retired silently to his home in Fremont, Ohio. Afterward in life he became the form for the post-presidency, using his prestige to advocate for charity and education.

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