When Ellis Island opened, a great modify was taking place in migration to the United States. As appearance from northern and western Europe Germany, Ireland, Britain and the Scandinavian countries slowed, more and more migrant decant in from southern and eastern Europe. Among this new production were Jews escaping from political and economic domination in czarist Russia and Eastern Europe (some 484,000 arrived in 1910 alone) and Italians escaping shortage in their country.
There were also Poles, Hungarians, Czechs, Serbs, Slovaks and Greeks, along through non-Europeans from Syria, Turkey and Armenia. The motivation they left their homes in the Old World integrated war, drought, famine and spiritual harassment, and all had hopes for greater occasion in the New World.
After an difficult sea voyage, many passengers explain their first glimpse of New Jersey, although third-class or steerage passengers heave their property onto barges that would take them to Ellis Island. Immigrants were tagged with information from the ship's registry and approved through long lines for medical and legal examination to decide if they were fit for entry into the United States.
From 1900 to 1914 the peak years of Ellis Island's process some 5,000 to 10,000 people passed through the immigration station every day. Approximately 80 percent effectively passed through in a matter of hours, but others could be seized for days or weeks. Many immigrants stay in New York, while others traveled by barge to railroad stations in Hoboken or Jersey City, New Jersey, on their way to reason diagonally the country.
Passage of the migrant Quota Act of 1921 and the National Origins Act of 1924, which incomplete the number and population of immigrants allowable into the United States, efficiently ended the era of bunch immigration into New York. From 1925 to its closing in 1954, only 2.3 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island which was motionless more than half of all those incoming the United States.