Barack Hussein Obama was born August 4, 1961. He is the 44th and current President of the United States and first African American to hold the office. Obama before served as the junior United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned after his election to the presidency in November 2008.A native of Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he was the head of the Harvard Law Review.
He was a community director in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney in Chicago and trained constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. Obama serve three terms in the Illinois council from 1997 to 2004. In the 2008 general election, he beaten Republican nominee John McCain and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009.
As president, Obama signed economic incentive legislation in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in February 2009. On 2009, October 8, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In March 2010, he signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law, a piece of major complete health care reform legislation. In foreign policy, Obama began a gradual withdrawal of troops from Iraq, improved troop levels in Afghanistan, and signed an arms control treaty with Russia.