Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin was born January 17, 1706.He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a foremost author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a main figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories concerning electricity. He was invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass 'armonica'. He formed both the first public lending library in America and the first fire section in Pennsylvania.

Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity; as a writer and spokesmen in London for some colonies, then as the first American ambassador to France, he exemplified the rising American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the realistic and democratic values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and resistance to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the explanation.

Franklin, always proud of his working class roots, became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the top city in the colonies. Franklin was interested in science and technology, and gained international celebrity for his famous experiments in electricity. He played a major role in establishing the University of Pennsylvania and was nominated the first president of the American Philosophical Society. Franklin became a national hero in America when he spearheaded the effort to have Parliament repeal the unpopular Stamp Act.

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