Marlon Brando, Jr. was born April 3, 1924. He was an American actor who performed for over semi a century. He was best known for his position as Stanley Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire and his Academy Award-winning presentation as Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront, together directed by Elia Kazan in the early 1950s. In middle age, his well-known roles contain his Academy Award winning presentation as Vito Corleone in The Godfather, Colonel Walter Kurtz in Apocalypse Now, both directed by Francis Ford Coppola and an Academy Award selected performance as Paul in Last Tango in Paris.
Brando had a major impact on film acting. He was the leading example of the "method" acting style, and was initially parodied for his "mumbling" diction, but his mercurial performances were extremely regarded. Director Martin Scorsese said of him, "He is the indication. There's 'before Brando' and 'after Brando'. Actor Jack Nicholson once said, "When Marlon dies, everyone moves up one." Brando was also an protester, supporting several issues, notably the American Civil Rights and various American Indian actions. He was dead on July 1, 2004.