Rosa Parks
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born February 4, 1913. He was an African American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress later called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement". Parks' act of defiance became a main symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including boycott leader Martin Luther King, Jr., serving to launch him to national prominence in the civil rights movement.

Parks was secretary of the Montgomery section of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and had recently attended the Highlander Folk School, a Tennessee center for workers' rights and racial parity. Nonetheless, she takes her action as a private citizen "tired of giving in". Although broadly honored in later years for her action, she suffered for it, lose her job as a seamstress in a local department store. Eventually, she moved to Detroit, Michigan, where she found comparable work. From 1965 to 1988 she serves as secretary and receptionist to African-American U.S.

Representative John Conyers. After retirement from this position, she wrote an autobiography and lived a mostly private life in Detroit. In her final years she suffered from dementia and became concerned in a lawsuit filed on her behalf next to American hip-hop duo OutKast. Parks finally received many honors ranging from the 1979 Spingarn Medal to the Congressional Gold Medal, a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Her death in October 24, 2005 was a major story in the United States' leading newspapers. She was granted the posthumous honor of lying in state at the Capitol Rotunda.

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