Thomas Jefferson

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Thomas Jefferson was born April 13, 1743. He was the third President of the United States and the principal author of the statement of Independence. Jefferson was one of the most powerful Founding Fathers, known for his promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Jefferson envisioned America as the force behind a great "Empire of Liberty" that would endorse republicanism and counter the imperialism of the British Empire.

Major events during his government include the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition , as well as rising tensions with together Britain and France that led to war with Britain in 1812, after he left office. As a political philosopher, Jefferson was a man of the Enlightenment and knew several intellectual leaders in Britain and France. He idealized the independent yeoman farmer as example of republican virtues, distrusted cities and financiers, and preferential states' rights and a strictly limited federal government.

Jefferson supported the division of church and state and was the author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. He was the eponym of Jeffersonian equality and the cofounder and head of the Democratic-Republican Party, which dominated American politics for 25 years. Jefferson served as the war Governor of Virginia, first United States Secretary of State, and second Vice President of the United States. He was dead on July 4, 1826.

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