Rosa Louise McCauley is born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913. She enthused with her parents, James and Leona McCauley, to Pine Level, Alabama, at age 2 to exist in with Leona’s parents. Her brother, Sylvester, was born in 1915, and shortly after that her parents alienated.Rosa’s mother was a teacher, and the family valued teaching. Rosa enthused to Montgomery, Alabama, at age 11 and eventually attends high school there, a laboratory educate at the Alabama State Teachers’ College for Negroes. She left at 16,
early in 11th grade, because she wanted to care for her disappearing grandmother and, shortly subsequently, her constantly ill mother. In 1932, at 19, she married Raymond Parks, a self-educated man 10 years her senior who employment as a barber and was a long-time associate of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Raymond and Rosa, who worked as a seamstress, became appreciated associate of Montgomery’s large African-American population. Co-existing with white people in a city oversee by “Jim Crow” laws, however, was burdened with daily aggravation: Blacks could listen only confident schools, could drink only from particular water fountains, could sponge books only from the “black” library, among other limitations.
Although Raymond had formerly dispirited her out of fear for her safety, in December 1943 Rosa also joined the Montgomery episode of the NAACP, and she becomes chapter secretary. She worked intimately with chapter president Edgar Daniel (E.D.) Nixon. Nixon was a railroad janitor known in the city as an advocate for blacks who wanted to catalog to vote, and also as leader of the local branch of the Brotherhood of undeveloped Car Porters combination.On Thursday, December 1, 1955, the 42-year-old Rosa Parks was transform home from a long day of labor at the Montgomery Fair section store by bus. Black residents of Montgomery often evade municipal buses if potential because they found the Negroes-in-back policy so humiliating. Nonetheless, 70 percent or more qualification on a typical day was black, and on this day Rosa Parks was solitary of them.