Electoral College – American History

\When Americans vote for a President and Vice President, they are actually voting for presidential electors, recognized collectively as the Electoral College. It is these electors, elected by the people, who elect the chief senior manager.
The formation assigns each state a number of electors equal to the collective total of the state's Senate and House of Representatives delegations. Aside from Members of Congress, and persons holding offices of Trust or revenue under the Constitution, anyone may serve as a voter.In each presidential election year, an assembly of candidates for elector is selected by political parties and other groupings in each state, usually at a state party meeting. The slate winning the most popular votes is elected; this is known as the winner-take-all, or common ticket, scheme. 
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 considered several methods of electing the President, including selection by parliament, by the governors of the states, by the state legislatures, by a special group of Members of Congress chosen by lot, and by direct popular election. 

The Constitution gave each state a number of electors equivalent to the combined total of its membership in the Senate and its allocation in the House of Representatives. All the foregoing structural basics of the Electoral College system remain in effect currently. The unique method of electing the President and Vice President, however, proved unworkable, and was replaced by the 12th Amendment, ratified in 1804

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